Sleep apnea is a common disorder where a person suffers from swallow breaths. This can be in the form of one or more pauses while breathing, at the time of sleeping. Time duration of the pauses in breathing can be of few seconds to few minutes. It is a chronic condition which disrupts the sleep and can happen more than 30 times in an hour.
As a result of this condition the quality of sleep becomes poor which makes you tired all throughout the day. It may also lead to excessive daytime sleepiness or fatigue.
Sleep Apnea is basically a disorder which is caused due to the nasal passage is blocked that reduces the air flow to the lungs. In some extreme cases the air passage would even get blocked fully not allowing air to enter or leave the lungs. This problem is generally tackled by providing continuous positive air pressure or CPAP. This technique provides a continuous air to the lungs at positive pressure.
The sad part is that the disease often remains undiagnosed because most prominent and common symptoms occur at the time when you are sleeping.
What Are The Symptoms and Types of Sleep Apnea?
Major symptoms and signs of sleep apnea are chronic and loud snoring, long pauses in breathing, daytime sleepiness and gasping, snorting or choking during sleep.
Besides these major symptoms there are some few more symptoms for sleep apnea which include morning headaches, fitful or restless sleep, nighttime awakenings or insomnia, waking up with a sore throat or dry mouth, depression, irritability, moodiness, and forgetfulness.
There are mainly three types of sleep apnea.
- The most common sleep apnea is obstructive sleep apnea
- Another sleep apnea which is less common than obstructive sleep apnea is central sleep apnea
- The last one is known as complex sleep apnea which is the combination of previous two types
Why Continuous Air Pressure is Required and How It Affects Your Sleep?
Lungs operate on the principle of sucking and discharging the air. When the lungs are filled with air, the pressure there exceeds the pressure of the atmosphere. And to maintain the pressure the exhalation process start.
When all the air is discharged from the lungs a partial vacuum is created there and air gets in again. In case any type of blockage in the lungs or in the air passage way occurs, the process gets affected and breathing becomes irregular. In such a case, building a positive pressure in the air that is entering the lungs becomes essential.
It is not only the positive pressure (that affects the breathing) causes Apnea. Researches showed that dry air can be the other major reason for sleep disorders such as sleep apnea and snoring.
If the air in the atmosphere is dry then it can become inflammatory for the air passage and the lungs. Thus keeping the air humid and clean is always recommended and helps you to relieve the problem.
How Humidifier And CPAP Machines For Sleep Apnea Help?
As sleep apnea can be caused due to various different reasons, different people may require different treatment options. For patients suffering from sleep apnea, doctors usually prescribe using machines for easy breathing. These machines are mainly of two types:
- Bi-level positive airflow pressure machine or BiPAP machines
- Continuous positive airflow pressure machine or CPAP machines
These are the machines which help by providing constant flow of air to moisten and open your breathing tracts for whole night. A CPAP device generates fresh humid air which is passed on to the affected person’s air way through a tube that could be flexible hose connected to a mask. Although CPAP offers optimum relief for sleep apnea patients, a BiPAP machine tends to be a better option for patients who cannot adapt to CPAP.
As mentioned above, dry air can be a major cause of sleep apnea. Thus installing a good quality humidifier which is specially recommended for sleep apnea patients can also prove useful for patients.
How CPAP Machine with Humidifier Proves To Be A Better Option?
CPAP machines are sometimes complicated and risky to use for patients as it can dry up the nasal tract of the patient. This may sometimes also lead to nose bleeds and sneezing. The air that is flowed out by CPAP is a dry air. And by adding a humidifier to the machine, moisture is added to the air which is flowed through nasal passage. This makes it easy to breathe all the night.
CPAP machine with humidifier is thus a better option for solving this issue as it makes the breathing smoother by moistening/humidifying the air tract by adding moisture to the air one breathes in.
CPAP machine with humidifier is the equipment that increases the moisture content in the air that you are breathing and this would remove the dryness in the throat. Breathing good moist air eases lots of pressure from your nasal passage as the moisture that you are breathing acts as a soothing agent and releases inflammation. It lets you breathe freely and as a result you will have a good night sleep.
As per varied requirements, there are different CPAP machines available in the market for users. Some of them come with pre-installed humidifiers while some of them need an additional humidifier to be installed.
There are different types of humidifiers which can be installed in these machines. Cold and hot humidifiers are two varieties which can be added to a unit as per the need. Interchangeable humidifiers which can serve the purpose of both (hot and cold) can also be used.